Johannes Meintjes

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Image courtesy of JOHANNES MEINTJES ARCHIVAL WEBSITE (www.johannes-meintjes.co.za). All rights reserved (c) The Estate of Johannes Meintjes and Kobus Opperman.
'Johannes was something of a Renaissance man. First of all, artist. Then author, historian, archivist and even sort-of farmer. Above all, he was a thoughtful, loving and loveable human being who thought very deeply about the human condition'.
Tertius Myburgh, Sunday Times (Editor), 1990

SUMMARY BIOGRAPHY

Born: Riversdale, 19 May 1923
Died: Molteno, 7 July 1980

Contents

1920s

1923 - 1928

The son of a sheep farmer; spent his first five years on the family farm Grootzeekoegat in the Molteno district (Eastern Cape).

1928

After the early death of his father, the family moved to Riversdale; he became friendly with the elderly Abraham Volschenk, drew and painted from childhood and won his first prize at the age of 15 years.

1930s

1938

The family moved to Cape Town and the 15 year old boy began serious art study under Florence Zerffi (widow of Stratford Caldecot). The speech Meintjes wrote for the Voortrekker Commemoration was broadcast countrywide (and also read by him).

1940s

1940

An exhibition of Maggie Laubser's work evoked his ardent admiration; he wrote a fan letter to her and a life long close friendship developed.

1941 - 1943
  • Studies languages at the University of Cape Town where he completes a BA degree and published a book on Maggie Laubser at the age of 21 (which became a sought-after Africana item later on).
  • During this period close and life long friendships formed with individuals such as Hubert du Plessis, NP van Wyk Louw, May Hillhouse, Cecil Higgs and Nerine Desmond.
  • He became the youngest member ever of the exclusive 'K'-club and an exhibition of his paintings caused a sensation. Sells his first painting on 28 February 1942 for nine guineas.
  • Completes his first life-sized sculpture in 1942.
  • He published two articles during this period and won the prize for the best Afrikaans article in the Silver Jubilee Edition of 'Groote Schuur'.
1944
  • Moved to Johannesburg to assist Gerrit Bakker with his new bookshop and rented a studio in Market Street. During this period friendships formed with i.a Rosa Nepgen, Hermien Dommisse, Walter Battiss and Alexis Preller.
Image courtesy of JOHANNES MEINTJES ARCHIVAL WEBSITE (www.johannes-meintjes.co.za). All rights reserved (c) The Estate of Johannes Meintjes and Kobus Opperman.
  • His first exhibition (Gainsborough Gallery, 29 August to 11 September 1944) caused a stir in Johannesburg and Cape Town and he became famous overnight. The fame he enjoyed as a 21 year old artist is unequalled in the South African history of art.
  • Some of Meintjes' first short stories were published during this period.
  • Moved back to Cape Town and taught art at SA College School and Jan Van Riebeeck High School, Cape Town.
  • Group exhibition with Gerard Sekoto, Jean Welz and Maud Sumner.
1945
  • Designs for ballet costumes exhibited in USA (currently housed at the New York Public Library).
  • Successful exhibitions (Johannesburg and Cape Town) provided funds for study in London, Paris and Amsterdam.
1945 - 1947

While in London, studying at the Central School of Arts, worked part time as broadcaster for the BBC with composer Arnold van Wyk.

1947
  • Returned to Cape Town; worked at painting, broadcasting and writing.
  • Lectured at the Worcester School of Drama and lectured art at the Cape Technical College.
  • Decor and costume design for Aeonian ballet group.
  • Exhibitions in Cape Town and Pretoria. Publication of 'Kamerade'.
  • Group exhibition with Walter Battiss, Gregoire Boonzaier, Cecil Higgs and Maggie Laubser.
  • Lectures at the British Art Exhibition in company of Ruth Prowse, Gregoire Boonzaier and Nerine Desmond.
1948
  • Exhibitions in Stellenbosch, Bloemfontein and Cape Town.
  • Publication of 'Johannes Meintjes : Lyrical Works'.
  • Illustrations for the book 'Sebastiaan' (limited edition of 100 copies).
1949
  • Exhibitions in Johannesburg and Bloemfontein.
  • Won award from 'Die Vaderland' for 'most original SA painting'.
  • Also won an 'Oscar' art award (together with Maggie Laubser and Edoardo Villa).
  • The press speculates that Johannes Meintjes, Maggie Laubser and JH Pierneef will become the future 'SA Masters'.
  • Published further essays and short stories.
  • Retreated to family farm, Grootzeekoegat, to write and paint in total seclusion; restored the historical farm building, which was originally built in 1824.

1950s

1950
  • Exhibition in Cape Town, Queenstown, Bloemfontein and Pretoria.
  • Also group exhibition with Walter Battiss, Otto Klar and Maggie Laubser.
1951
  • Exhibition in Cape Town and Johannesburg.
  • Publication of further articles as well as publication on SA sculptor 'Anton Anreith'.
  • Group exhibition with Erich Mayer, Maggie Laubser, Ruth Prowse, Lawrence Scully and Gregoire Boonzaier.
  • His drama 'Die Blanke Stilte' awarded with the Literary Award during the Van Riebeeck Commemoration Festival (shared the award with Uys Krige).
1952
  • Exhibition at Van Riebeeck Commemoration Festival in Cape Town; also further exhibitions in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth and Pretoria. His 'pornographic' art caused a stir in Port Elizabeth.
  • Publication of 'Die Blanke Stilte'.
1953
  • Image courtesy of JOHANNES MEINTJES ARCHIVAL WEBSITE (www.johannes-meintjes.co.za). All rights reserved (c) The Estate of Johannes Meintjes and Kobus Opperman.
    Exhibition in Bloemfontein and Johannesburg.
  • Participated in group exhibition at Rhodes Festival in Bulawayo. (A quote from a fan letter at the time: 'I still feel like a Christian who had witnessed a miracle - exhalted, uplifted and close to God').
1954

Exhibitions in Cape Town and Durban.

1955
  • Ended period of seclusion and returned to Johannesburg.
  • Exhibitions in Pretoria and Johannesburg.
  • Publication of his novel 'Stormsvlei' which was awarded at the Centenary Festival of Pretoria.
  • Publication of 'Frontier Family'. Public debate in press with Lawrence van der Post on the Afrikaner's attitude towards other ethnic groups. Met William Plomer and a life long friendship followed.
1956
  • Exhibitions in Cape Town, Pretoria and Johannesburg.
  • Dame Sybil Thorndike requested him to do her portrait which caused a sensation in the local press.
1957
  • Exhibitions in Bloemfontein, Johannesburg and Heidelberg.
  • Art critics compared Meintjes as the South African equivalent of Cezanne, Gauguin and Chagall.
  • Meintjes' drama 'Die Soekendes' awarded by APB.
1958
  • Exhibition in Pretoria and Johannesburg.
  • Left for Europe again to study in London, Amsterdam and Paris.
  • Publication of 'Die Soekendes'.
1959

Exhibitions in Pretoria, Johannesburg and Cape Town.

1960s

1960
  • Married Ronell Rossouw. Exhibitions in Pretoria, East London and Johannesburg.
  • Publication of 'Complex Canvas: A South African Approach (to The Cape Province)'.
  • First stage production of his play 'Die Soekendes'.
  • Group exhibitions with i.a. Walter Battiss, Alexis Preller, Maud Sumner, Maurice van Essche, Otto Klar, Cecily Sash and G Cattaneo.
1961
  • Exhibitions in Pretoria, Durban, Springs, Johannesburg and Cape Town.
  • Publication of 'Dagboek 1'.
  • Group exhibition at UNISA.
1962
Image courtesy of JOHANNES MEINTJES ARCHIVAL WEBSITE (www.johannes-meintjes.co.za). All rights reserved (c) The Estate of Johannes Meintjes and Kobus Opperman.
Exhibitions in Bloemfontein, Cape Town and Johannesburg.
1963
  • Exhibitions in Pretoria, Johannesburg and Cape Town.
  • Publication of novel 'Gister is Vandag' and publication of 'Jeugjare'.
  • Press refers to Meintjes as the 'Golden Boy' of SA art scene.
  • Exhibition of Meintjes' works in the USA.
1964
  • Exhibitions in Molteno and Johannesburg. Exhibition in Washington, D.C.
  • Publication of 'Mallemeule', 'Manor House' and 'A. Lomax Portret van 'n Suid Afrikaanse Dorp'.
  • Group exhibition with i.a. George Boys, Gordon Vorster, Cecily Sash and Dirk Meerkotter on invitation by the Rembrandt Art Foundation.
1965
  • Received a literary award from PEN.
  • Returned permanently to Grootzeekoegat, Molteno.
  • Exhibitions in Cape Town and Pretoria.
  • Publication of biography 'Olive Schreiner Portrait of a South African Woman'. (The President of the SA English Academy described this work in 1975 as the 'best study ever on Olive Schreiner').
  • Publication of 'The Silent Conspiracy'.
  • Group exhibition with i.a. Lukas Sithole, Christo Coetzee, Maggie Laubser, Armando Baldinelli and Maud Sumner.
1966
  • Exhibitions in Johannesburg and Molteno.
  • Participated on invitation in Republic Festival Exhibition in Pretoria as well as the opening of the Hester Rupert Art Museum.
  • Publication of his (commissioned) biography on General De la Rey, 'De la Rey Lion of the West'. International acclaim as author followed. Publication of De la Rey in serial format in 'The Star'.
1967
  • Appointment as honorary curator of George Vice Memorial Museum.
  • Exhibitions in Cape Town and Johannesburg.
  • Publication of De la Rey in serial format in an Afrikaans newspaper.
1969
  • Image courtesy of JOHANNES MEINTJES ARCHIVAL WEBSITE (www.johannes-meintjes.co.za). All rights reserved (c) The Estate of Johannes Meintjes and Kobus Opperman.
    Exhibitions in Johannesburg and Molteno.
  • Publication of biography on General Gideon Scheepers, 'Sword in the Sand Gideon Scheepers' as well as (English) biography on President Steyn. Publication of 'Stormberg A Lost Opportunity'. 

1970s

1970
  • Exhibition in Port Elizabeth.
  • Publication of the (Afrikaans) biography on President Steyn, 'Steyn Vader van sy Volk'.
  • Publication of biography on General Louis Botha; favourable comments in the press (from amongst others) by William Plomer (UK) and Declercq (Netherlands).
  • Publication of 'The Round Table in South Africa'.
  • His book on President Steyn is broadcast on national radio.
1971
  • Exhibition in Johannesburg.
  • Publication of biography on General Piet Joubert, 'The Commandant General P J Joubert'.
  • Publication of 'Sandile - The Fall of the Xhosa Nation'.
  • Publication of short stories and essays, 'Siembamba'.
1972
  • Exhibition in Cape Town.
  • Publication of' Dagboek 2'.
1973
  • Appointed as executive member of Burgersdorp Museum.
  • Exhibition in Johannesburg in commemoration of his 50th birthday.
  • Publication of 'The Voortrekkers' (prescribed at Oxford University; also published in Corgi paperback).
1974
  • Appointed as member of the 'SA Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns'.
  • Exhibitions in Cape Town and Molteno.
  • Publication of biography 'President Kruger'. Publication of ' Dorp van Drome : Molteno 1874 - 1974'.
1975
  • Exhibition in Bloemfontein and Johannesburg.
  • Publication of the commissioned book 'SASOL: 1950 - 1975' in both Afrikaans and English.
  • Publication of 'Dagboek 3'.
1976
  • Exhibition in Sasolburg.
  • Publication of 'The Anglo Boer War 1899 - 1902: A Pictorial History' (Afrikaans and English editions, later also published in German and Dutch).
  • Publication of 'The Great Boer War : Arthur Conan Doyle 1'.
1977
  • Image courtesy of JOHANNES MEINTJES ARCHIVAL WEBSITE (www.johannes-meintjes.co.za). All rights reserved (c) The Estate of Johannes Meintjes and Kobus Opperman.
    Exhibitions in Stellenbosch, Bellville and Molteno.
  • Publication of 'With Bobs and Kruger : Frederic William Unger 2'.
1978
  • Exhibition in Lichtenburg.
  • Prestige group exhibition in Salisbury, Bulawayo and Johannesburg with Geoffrey Armstrong, Armando Baldinelli, Maud Sumner, Gordon Vorster, Walter Battiss and Rhona Stern.
1979
  • Exhibition on invitation at University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg.
  • Exhibition in Ficksburg.

1980s

1980
  • Exhibition on invitation at University of Port Elizabeth.
  • Died on 7 July 1980.
  • At the time of his death, Meintjes had painted more than 1 336 oil paintings, produced dozens of sculptor pieces as well as hundreds of sketches, temperas, graphic works and watercolours.
  • Several published books (35) and even many more unpublished manuscripts are all evidence of his creative energy.
  • More than 1 400 newspaper and magazine articles were written about Meintjes during his lifetime. Following his death, most of Meintjes' manuscripts, letters, diaries, etc were presented to National English Literary Museum (NELM), Grahamstown to be housed in a Johannes Meintjes Memorial Room.
1981

Publication of 'Eeu van Genade: NG Kerk Molteno 1881 - 1981'.

1982

Television programme on the life and work of Meintjes.

1983

Memorial exhibition on invitation at University of Orange Free State, Bloemfontein.

1986

Opening of Johannes Meintjes Room, Molteno. (Permanent exhibition).

1990s

1990
  • Prestige memorial exhibition on invitation at the Rand Afrikaans University, Johannesburg.
  • Dr Hermien McCaul-Dommisse (who also opened Meintjes' first exhibition in 1944) opened this exhibition.
  • Prestige memorial exhibition on invitation for the works of Meintjes and Alexis Preller in Pretoria. Prestige memorial exhibition on invitation at the National Museum, Bloemfontein.
1996
  • Death of his widow, Ronell Meintjes.
  • A portion of her collection of Meintjes art works was bequeathed to the University of Stellenbosch.

2000s

2004

First electronic publication of some of Meintjes' books (Victoria, Australia)
http://www.cdbooks-r-us.com

2006

Archival website by The Haenggi Foundation (Basel, Switzerland)
http://www.art-archives-southafrica.ch/MEINTJES.htm

2009

Launch of the archival website http://www.johannes-meintjes.co.za

2010s

2010
  • Memorial exhibition at Stellenbosch University's Art Museum : 14 July to 28 August 2010
  • Release of the facsimile edition of 'London Diaries' (1946 and 1958) ISBN 978-0-620-47398-9

Books by Johannes Meintjies

  • Image courtesy of JOHANNES MEINTJES ARCHIVAL WEBSITE (www.johannes-meintjes.co.za). All rights reserved (c) The Estate of Johannes Meintjes and Kobus Opperman.
    Maggie Laubser
  • Kamerade
  • Meintjes - ‘Liriese Werk’ / Lyrical Works
  • Sebastiaan
  • Anton Anreith (Sculptor 1754 - 1822)
  • 'Die Blanke Stilte' : A Play in Three Parts
  • Frontier Family
  • Storm(s)vlei
  • 'Die Soekendes'
  • Complex Canvass : A South African Approach
  • 'Die Dagboek van Johannes Meintjes' - Part 1
  • 'Die Singende Reën'
  • '(Die) Jeugjare (van Johannes Meintjes)'
  • 'Gister is Vandag'
  • Portrait of a South African Dorp by A Lomax: Molteno 1894 - 1909
  • 'Mallemeule'
  • Manor House
  • The Silent Conspiracy
  • Olive Schreiner : Portrait of a South African Woman
  • De la Rey - Lion of the West
  • President Steyn : A Biography
  • Stormberg : A Lost Opportunity (The Anglo Boer War in the North-Eastern Cape Colony, 1899 - 1902)
  • Sword in the Sand : The Life and Death of Gideon Scheepers
  • General Louis Botha : A Biography
  • 'Vader van Sy Volk : 'n Lewensskets van President MT Steyn'
  • Round Table in South Africa : 1948 - 1969
  • Sandile : The Fall of the Xhosa Nation
  • 'Siembamba : 'n Versameling Verhale, Essays en Sketse'
  • The Commandant-General (The Life and Times of Petrus Jacobus Joubert of the South African Republic : 1831 – 1900)
  • 'Die Dagboek van Johannes Meintjes' - Part 2
  • The Voortrekkers : The Story of the Great Trek and the Making of South Africa
  • Dorp van Drome : Die Geskiedenis van Molteno
  • President Paul Kruger : A Biography
  • 'Die Dagboek van Johannes Meintjes' - Part 3
  • SASOL : 1950 - 1975
  • The Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902 A Pictorial History
  • Die Anglo-Boere Oorlog in Beeld 1899-1902
  • De Boerenoorlog in Beeld 1899-1902
  • Der Burenkrieg 1899-1902
  • Eeu van Genade : NG Kerk van Molteno : 1881 – 1981
  • London Diaries

References

For more information please visit http://www.johannes-meintjes.co.za

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